Veterinary Pharmacy Articles
Why has my veterinarian prescribed this medicine?
L-Carnitine is an amino acid derivative. It is synthesized from methionine and lysine. The body requires l-carnitine for energy metabolism. This medication has been used as adjunctive therapy for dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy. Other uses include protection against doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy and reduction of the risk of damage to the myocardium due to interruption of the blood supply to this area. L-carnitine has been used in cats as adjunctive therapy to facilitate liver fat metabolism.
How do I give this medication?
- Give this medication to your pet as directed by your veterinarian. Read the label carefully.
- If the medicine is a liquid, measure the dose with reasonable care.
- Give this medication with meals to decrease the likelihood of stomach upset.
- Try to give this medication at about the same time(s) each day.
- DO NOT give the pet more medicine than directed.
- DO NOT give the medicine more often than directed.
- Try not to miss giving any doses.
What do I do if I miss giving a dose?
Give the dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose, and continue with the regular schedule. Do not give the pet two doses at once.
How do I store this medicine?
- Keep this medicine out of reach of children.
- Store this medicine in a cool, dry place at room temperature. Store away from heat and direct sunlight.
- Do not store this medicine in the bathroom, near the kitchen sink or in damp places. The medicine may break down if exposed to heat or moisture.
Potential Side Effects
- Side effects are rare.
- Occasionally, stomach upset may occur. Loose stools or possibly diarrhea, nausea and vomiting are possible.
- Other side effects may occur. If you notice anything unusual, contact your veterinarian.
Possible Drug Interactions
- Make sure to tell your veterinarian what other medication you are giving to your pet.
- Quite often your veterinarian may prescribe two different medications, even if a drug interaction may occur. In this case, your veterinarian may vary the dose and/or monitor your pet more closely.
- The following drug can potentially interact with l-carnitine: valproic acid.
- Contact your veterinarian if your pet experiences any unusual reactions when different medications are given together.
PET HEALTH LIBRARY
- The Pet Health Library contains information on some of the most common medical problems of dogs and cats. This information is designed to assist pet owners in better understanding their pets' health problems.
Cat Friendly Practice
- In the United States, there are millions more owned cats than owned dogs, yet cats visit veterinarians less frequently than dogs. A major reason is that it is very stressful to take cats to the veterinary practice and often owners believe their cat doesn't need routine check-ups for wellness and preventive care. The Cat Friendly Practice® (CFP) program, created by expert feline practitioners, provides a solution to this trend and provides an opportunity for veterinary practices to elevate care for cats and reduce the stress during the visit.